Inflamed gums – symptoms, prevention, treatment

Your gums are very important when it comes to the health of your teeth. Although many people choose to ignore certain conditions, long-term inflammation or bleeding will affect dental health.

The gums are the soft tissues around the teeth that cover the jaw and when they are healthy, they are pale pink.

At times, swelling may occur, usually in areas where the gums meet the tooth, or slight bleeding may be seen during brushing or flossing. These signs indicate an increased sensitivity of the gums, which can be controlled by proper nutrition and strict dental hygiene.

Gingivitis is the most common cause of gum inflammation. This is a gum disease that acts quietly because it does not involve toothache, which means that it can be detected late if the patient has no other problems to seek regular consultation and can progress rapidly to severe conditions. such as periodontitis, which can even lead to tooth loss.

Periodontitis is a serious infection of the gums and is due to the constant accumulation of bacterial plaque and tartar, which prevents the proper performance of dental hygiene.

In the case of tartar, it can only be removed in the dentist’s office with the help of a professional sanitizer, which will be resumed later at an interval of 3-6 months. But as this condition progresses, the bones and teeth may be damaged.

However, if periodontitis is treated early and proper oral hygiene is maintained, the damage can be stopped.

Symptoms of periodontitis

Symptoms depend on the stage of the disease, but generally include:

  • bleeding gums when brushing your teeth or flossing;
  • bad breath;
  • changes in the position of the teeth or loose teeth;
  • gum retraction;
  • red, tender or swollen gums;
  • accumulation of plaque or tartar on the teeth;
  • chewing pain;
  • tooth loss;
  • unpleasant taste in the mouth.

The dentist will probably be the first to identify them after an examination of the patient.

Treatment of inflamed and painful gums

Inflammation of the gums is a condition that is not given the necessary attention by patients from the beginning or can go completely unnoticed, to a point where they begin to lose their natural color, light pink, pale or begin to fade. bleed.

Because it is not a painful condition, it can develop easily, leading to periodontal disease and later tooth loss. The most common causes of inflamed gums are:

Poor dental hygiene , because during chewing food debris can settle on the surface of the teeth or between them and the gums. Therefore, it is necessary to floss at least once a day in order to eliminate these accumulations of plaque stored on the surface of the teeth, along with a proper brushing, performed twice a day.

The appearance of a periodontal disease, due to the infection of the gums and their inflammation around the teeth. These infections occur when a person has a plaque buildup. The plaque hardens if hygiene is not done correctly, which will lead to the formation of tartar, which is harder to remove.

Periodontal disease often develops in two stages:

Gingivitis , which is manifested by inflammation in the gums, an increased sensitivity in the gums that can lead to bleeding during brushing, bad breath and discoloration of the gingival tissue.

It is important to know that although gingivitis is reversible, there is no treatment, which can lead to an advanced stage of the disease , namely periodontitis.

Periodontitis is an advanced stage of gingivitis. In this case, the gums move away from the surface of the teeth. This can cause infections in the bone that supports the tooth, which can lead to its weakening or even loss.

Prevention of periodontitis

Gingivitis , the initial stage of the disease, can be controlled and treated with good oral hygiene and regular professional cleaning. More severe forms of periodontal disease can also be successfully treated in the dental office, but require more extensive treatment.

Such treatment could include deep cleansing of the root surfaces of the tooth under the gums, medicines prescribed for oral administration or placed directly under the gums, and sometimes corrective surgery.

To prevent or control periodontal disease, it is necessary to perform a proper brushing of the teeth at least twice a day, accompanied by the use of dental floss and mouthwash, avoid foods high in sugar , and often a consultation with the dentist . at least twice a year can stop the disease.

Treatment of periodontitis

The treatment is mainly aimed at removing plaque and bacterial deposits from the teeth and gums. Proper oral hygiene helps to stop the progression of periodontal disease. On the recommendation of the dentist, after examining the patient, the professional hygiene of the teeth will be performed, which consists in removing the tartar accumulated on the surfaces and roots of the teeth, followed by professional brushing and final application of fluoride.

In some cases, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics when your gums continue to swell.

If the inflammation persists in areas inaccessible to brushing and flossing, your dentist may recommend a surgical procedure called flap surgery to clean the deposits under the gums. Under anesthesia, the gums are lifted and the roots of the teeth will be cleaned. The gums are then sutured (sewn) back together. In case of bone loss, a procedure known as bone grafting will be performed which can be done at the same time as a flap operation to regenerate the lost bone.

Controlling and stopping periodontal disease is a long and long process. The patient will have to return to the dental office at least twice a year, so it is very important that they choose carefully who they want to be accompanied along the way. Good communication between doctor and patient, as well as mutual trust will lead more easily to the results desired and expected by them.

To prevent periodontitis, it is important to:

  • brush your teeth properly at least twice a day with a fluoride-containing paste;
  • we use an electric toothbrush, which can be more efficient;
  • flossing should be used at least once a day to remove plaque;
  • schedule at least two annual consultations with your dentist;
  • Avoid foods and beverages that can cause bacterial plaque and tartar to build up.

Treatment of periodontitis in a dental clinic

To treat periodontitis, it is necessary to remove plaque and bacterial deposits from the teeth and gums, a procedure that can only be done in the dentist’s office, because the simple brushing of the teeth at home by the patient will not be enough to remove hardened bacterial plaque (tartar). .

In advanced cases of the disease, after careful examination, the dentist will recommend the necessary treatment, which may consist of:

Administration of antibiotics

To reduce the pain felt in the teeth or if the infection in the gums persists without responding to the treatment in the first phase.

Surgery

In cases where inflammation of the gums persists in areas inaccessible to brushing and flossing, the dentist may recommend a surgical procedure called flap surgery to clean the deposits under the gums.

Under anesthesia, the gums are lifted and the roots of the teeth cleaned. The gums will then be sutured (sewn) back together. This is one of the most complex procedures performed in the treatment of periodontal disease.

The periodontist will develop a treatment plan tailored to the severity of the disease, with the aim of eliminating the infection, restoring function and improving aesthetics.

Also, the prevention of periodontal disease is perhaps the best treatment when it comes to the health of our teeth along with proper hygiene and routine consultations in the dentist’s office.

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